By The Twig - Well Seasoned, Aug 6 2017 11:00AM
Our harbours, piers and quaysides are teeming with crabs making the most of the calm waters and plentiful food. What trip to the coast would be complete without a crabbing competition?
Although there are 65 different species of crab found in British waters, the significant majority of the ones you'll catch when crabbing will be the Common Shore Crab. These efficient scavengers thrive on all kinds of waste but particularly enjoy discarded catch from fishing vessels, one of the reasons they love our harbours so much.
You will need
• A crab line or length of nylon string – at least 5 metres long.
• A washing tablet string bag or the feet of some old tights (not essential but makes refreshing your bait much easier)
• A small lead weight
• A bucket
Lower your baited and weighted line into the water, leave it to sink and wait a while. When you think you might have a crab, gently life your bait and carefully bring your catch to the surface.
Top tips for successful crabbing:
• Don’t put too many crabs in one bucket. Empty it when you have 10 or so.
• Keep your bucket out of direct sunlight and add some seaweed or rocks to give your crabs some shelter
• Use a smelly bait that the crabs can find. Both bacon and mackerel give off a small oily scent trail that the crabs can easily follow.
• Leave your bait still long enough to ensure the crabs can find it.
• A smooth retrieve is essential. Crabs will usually continue to grip the bait as long as it isn't jerked too suddenly.
• Be careful! Even small crabs can deliver a nasty nip. If you need to handle a crab, grip it gently but firmly from behind on either side of its shell.
• Remember to return your catch safely to the water before you leave.
If you want to tell the difference between male and female crabs, turn them over and look for the "abdominal flap" on their underside. The male flap is thin and pointed while the female's is wider and more rounded (it is used to carry eggs in the mating season).
Did you know…? The name for a group of crabs is a "cast"